Barnett, R. (2004). Learning for an unknown future. Higher Education Research & Development, 23(3), 247-260.

Brooks, J. G., & Brooks, M. G. (1999). In Search of Understanding: The Case for Constructivist Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Dochy, F. (2001). A New Assessment Era: Different needs, new challenges. Research Dialogue in Learning and Instruction, 2 (2001), 11-20.

Doll, W.E. (1989). Foundations for a post-modem curriculum. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 21(3), 243-253.

Du Plessis, A. (2004). Learners Perceptions of Creating a Collaborative Hypermedia Product: An Exploratory Study at Mount Pleasant Primary School. Unpublished MEd Thesis, Rhodes University: South Africa.

Eriksen, T.H. (2001). Tyranny of the Moment: Fast and Slow Time in the Information Age. London: Pluto Press.

Eyler, J. and Giles, D.E (1999). Where's the learning in service-learning? San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Flemming, D., & Lynch, G. (2005). Innovative Learning and Unlearning. In C. Looi, D.H. Jonassen and I. Mitsuru, Towards Sustainable and Scalable Educational Innovations Informed by the Learning Sciences: Sharing Good Practices of Research, Experimentation and Innovation (pp 93-100). Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Fullan, M., & Smith, G. (1999). Technology and the problem of Change. Retrieved March, 29, 2005 from

Gagnon, G.W., & Collay, M. (2006). Constructivist Learning Design: Key Questions for Teaching to Standards. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin Press.

Gamache, P. (2002). University students as creators of personal knowledge: an alternative epistemological view. Teaching in Higher Education, 7(3), 277-294.

Harel, I., & Papert, S. (eds.) (1991). Software Design as a Learning Environment. In I. Harel and S. Papert (Eds.), Constructionism: Research Reports and Essays 1985-1990 by the Epistemology and Learning Research Group (pp. 41-84). New Jersey: Ablex.

Hein, G.E. (1991). Constructivist Learning Theory. Retrieved May 25, 2007 from

Hinchey, P. (1998). Finding freedom in the classroom: A practical introduction to critical theory. New York: Peter Lang.

Hoban, G.F. (2002). Teacher Learning for Educational Change: A Systems Thinking Approach. Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Jonassen, D.H., Myers, J.M., & McKillop, A.M. (1996). From Constructivism to Constructionism: Learning with Hypermedia/Multimedia rather than from it. In B.G. Wilson (Ed.), Constructivist Learning Environments: Case Studies in Instructional Design (pp. 96-106). New Jersey: Educational Technology Publications.

Kafai, Y.B., and Resnick, M. (1996). Introduction. In Y. Kafai and M. Resnick (Eds.), Constructionism in practice: Designing, thinking and learning in a digital world (pp. 1-8). Mahway, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Kagan, D. (1992). Implications of Research on Teacher Belief. Educational Psychologist, 27(1), 65-90.

Kolb, D. A. (1984) Experiential Learning: Experience as a Source of Learning and Development, Prentice Hall.

Prigogine, I & Stengers, I. (1984). Order Out of Chaos: Man’s New Dialogue with Nature. London: Heinemann

Marlowe, B.A., & Page, M.L (2005). Creating and Sustaining the Constructivist Classroom. Thousand Oaks, CA. Corwin Press.

Mellon, C.A. (1999). Technology and the Great Pendulum of Education. Journal of Research on Computing in Education, 32(1), 28-35.

Moll, I. (2002). Clarifying Constructivism in a context of Curriculum change. Journal of Education. No 27, February 2002, pp. 1-32. Retrieved July 07, 2002 from or

Mumtaz, S. (2000). Factors affecting teachers’ use of information and communications technology: a review of the literature. Journal of Information Technology for Teacher Education, 9(3), 319-342.

Nations, C. (2001). How Long Do Our Children Have to Wait?: Understanding the Children of the 21st Century, the Need for Pedagogical Change, and Technology Integration. Retrieved April 05, 2002 from

Pajares, M. F. (1992). Teachers’ beliefs and educational research: Cleaning up a messy construct. Review of Educational Research, 62, 307-332.

Papert, S. (1991). Situating Constructionism. In I. Harel and S. Papert (eds.) (1991). Constructionism: Research Reports and Essays 1985-1990 by the Epistemology and Learning Research Group (pp. 1-12). New Jersey: Ablex.

Perkins, D. N. (1986). Knowledge as Design. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

Prensky, M. (2001). Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants (From On the Horizon, NCB University Press, Vol. 9 No. 5, October 2001). Retrieved February 25, 2008 from,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf

Salomon, G. (1998). Novel Constructivist Learning Environments and Novel Technologies: Some Issues to Be Concerned With (This paper is based on the author's Keynote Address presented at the EARLI Meeting, Athens, August 1997). Retrieved April 01, 2002 from

Schön, D. A. (1983) The reflective practitioner: how professionals think in action, Basic Books.

Von Glasersfeld, E. (1995). Radical constructivism. Washington DC: Falmer Press.

Wilson, L. (2005). Beyond Bloom - A new Version of the Cognitive Taxonomy. Retrieved June, 15, 2007 from